Ikhwan info 1 year and 1 millions views

05.06.2016 La rédaction

We launched Ikhwan Info in June 2015. We needed  to provide a Watchdog of Political Islam and the Muslim Brotherhood which is a political and fundamentalist network that thrives in Muslim countries and finds allies in the West. It managed to influence  western public opinions mainly  through its efficient  propaganda but also due to the lack of public knowledge about its double talk , its  speeches, its ramifications worldwide, its thinkers and strategists. Our goal was to overcome this gap. We reached it even better than expected.

1 million views

In late May 2016, according to  Google Analytics, 1,059,604 pages of our website were seen by 699,756 users.

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Ikhwan Info website was attacked several times, but it held. Except during the 2016 congress of UOIF (Union des Organisations Islamiques de France)  where the attack made access unavailable for 48 hours. When we publish an article on Iran, the website is inaccessible in the country for several days. Most of the attacks came from IP addresses in Turkey and Tunisia.

381 articles

Although the main language of the site is French, many articles are also published in English and Arabic.We try to ensure that each article is translated in at least two languages.We published this year: 381 articles. 287 in French. 138 in English. 91 Arabic.

The most read article in French: Le Meeting des “Ni Charlie Ni Paris” appelle à sanctionner la gauche

The most read article in English: When the Muslim Brotherhood calls officially for mass murder

The Most read article in Arabic: رجل شاب جميل جداً Translation of d’Un si beau jeune homme (about CAGE and Jihadi John)

Read almost everywhere except in North Korea

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In one year, our stories were read nearly everywhere. Some countries are still not reached : North Korea, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Greenland, Chad, Uganda, Papua New Guinea.

The most frequent visitors come from the following countries: France, Egypt, Turkey, Indonesia, Morocco, USA, Tunisia, Belgium, India.We published articles about 29 countries.

Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Cuba, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, USA, Finland, France, Great Britain, India, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Morocco, Norway, Qatar, Sudan Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen


Some investigations, such as those conducted by a former MB activist who became a contributor of Ikhwan Info , Mohamed Louizi, alerted public opinion as well as French authorities. They played a decisive role in  the decision to cancel the participation  of extremist preachers, at rallies organized by the Muslim Brotherhood in France.


Head of youth & students department of FIOE candidate in Milan elections

27.04.2016 Valentina Colombo

The next local elections in Milan, particularly the lists of the Left, could be considered as a paradigmatic example of the schizophrenia reigning in parties and institutions when it comes to choosing “Muslims” candidates. In Milan two names stand out, namely Maryan Ismail and Sumaya Abdel Qader, who represent two worlds apart: the former is a staunch Muslim activist against all forms of radical Islam, the latter represents political and social activism in the name of the ideology and strategy of the Muslim Brotherhood in Europe.


Maryan is not veiled, Sumaya is. However, Abdel Qader’s veil goes far beyond her colourful head cover. The official biography of Abdel Qader highlights that she was born in Perugia, Italy, on 16/06/1978 from Jordanian-Palestinian parents, that she earned a degree in biology and another one in foreign languages ​​and cultures. She also has a master’s degree in sociology. She collaborates with Italian universities and schools giving talks, lectures and courses on Islam, the Arab-Islamic world, European Muslims, that she is one of the founders of GMI (Giovani Musulmani d’Italia, Young Muslims of Italy), where she has held the post of Secretary General and Vice President. In September 2008 she published an autobiographical book I wear the veil and love the Queen. Since 2011 she has been cooperating with the City of Milan at the table for new citizenship of the Department for social policies. She is also in charge of the cultural section of CAIM (Coordination of Islamic Organizations in Milan and Monza and Brianza), led by Davide Piccardo who is, among other things, one of the Italian members of the European Muslim Network in Brussels headed by Tariq Ramadan.

As CAIM member she has recently launched in Milan the campaign AISHA against violence on women.

Strangely enough, but not so much, Abdel Qader avoids to indicate in her official biography and presentations her most prestigious appointment: Head of FIOE (Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe) Youth and Student Department. FIOE is the main umbrella organisation of the Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. Besides this, she is also a member of the Board of Trustees of FEMYSO (Forum of European Muslim Youth and Student Organizations) based in Brussels, which is the junior counterpart of FIOE. Giovani Musulmani d’Italia is a member of FEMYSO. In September 2015, at the 19th General Assembly of FEMYSO – that took place at the headquarters of the controversial Turkish organization Milli Gorus in Cologne – Abdel Qader was honoured with an award for her activities. She is also member of the board of the European Forum of Muslim Women (EFOMW) in Brussels together with her mother-in-law.


In order to follow the international activities of FIOE Sumaya recently went to Finland, Turkey, Malaysia showing that Milan and Italy are just a small part of a microcosm of a much larger project.

Last, but not least she is the daughter of Mohammed Abdel Qader, Palestinian co-founder of Unione degli studenti musulmani in Italia (Union of Muslim Students in Italy, USMI) and the Unione delle Comunità e delle Organizzazioni Islamiche in Italia (Union of Islamic Communities and Organizations in Italy, UCOII) and Imam of Perugia, central Italy. She is married with Abdallah Kabakebbji, former President of GMI) and son of MB leader Maher Kabakebbji.


But the main question that should be answered is the following: why is she casting a veil on her European appointments at the highest levels of the European Brotherhood and trying to hide her ties with the European spinoffs of the Muslim Brotherhood?

Valentina Colombo


Tareq al-Suwaidan will not enter Italy

07.04.2016 Valentina Colombo

Kuwaiti Muslim Brotherhood member Tareq al-Suwaidan, who had been invited in Italy by the Associazione Islamica Italiana degli imam e delle Guide Religiose in San Giovanni in Lupatoto, “will not be able and will not enter Italy”. This was confirmed on April 6th 2016 during question time at the Italian parliament by Minister of Interiors Angelino Alfano. The Minister recalled that the preacher “has been inserted by Belgium in the Schengen Information System since November 2014 and by virtue of this he has no possibility to enter any country of that area, including of course Italy. Any application for issuing a visa would be automatically rejected. And if the imam will try to cross our borders would be immediately stopped and rejected.”

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However, the most important and significant statement is the one in which Alfano stressed that Suwaidan is a” well-known figure to our police forces and those of other countries of the Schengen area in relation to his previous preaching activities, marked by radical, anti-Western and anti-Semitic contents, and he is known for its proximity to the Muslim Brotherhood.” To denounce the radical, anti-Western and anti-Semitic are thus the Italian Minister of the Interior, the police forces of the Schengen countries, that is people and institutions in charge of Italian and European security.

The official statements are the polar opposite of the statements by Aboulkheir Breigheche, communications officer of the Association and former president of Alleanza Islamica in Italia which is member of FIOE, who had declared that Suwaidan had been invited as a communications expert and that he is an “enlightened, open and moderate person who also knows how to criticize the Western world.”

Valentina Colombo


Hassan Al-Banna on Democracy and Communism

05.04.2016 La rédaction

“It is our duty to declare Islam (…) against their democracy, which is tantamount to anarchy and libertinism, and against their communism which is equivalent to atheism and international despotism.”

“The Arab nations stand between colonialists’ desires and communists’ ambitions”, Al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin, Cairo, No. 146, 1946, p 1.

This post is also available in Français.


At the Heart of the UOIF

05.04.2016 Soufiane Zitouni

In April 2015, while the annual conference of the Union of Islamic Organizations of France (UOIF) opens Friday at Le Bourget to discuss “Mohammed, the Prophet of Mercy and Peace”, the organization is experiencing internal tensions, with two of its former members, leaders of young Muslim association in France, pointing to UOIF Islamist drifts. The investigation below has been conducted by France 24 reporters, Alexandra RENARD and Roméo LANGLOIS

Pour voir la vidéo

The Union of Islamic Organizations of France (UOIF), which boasts more than 250 member associations in France, is one of the main bodies organizing the French Muslim community, but more and more dissenting voices are being heard within the Organization. Among them, two former members, leaders of young Muslim association in France, are pointing to Islamist drifts within the UOIF.

While UOIF representatives claim that their thoughts simply reflect conformity to Islam, under the French republican laws, its detractors assert that the Organization is the showcase of the Muslim Brotherhood in France. A member of the French Council of the Muslim faith (CFCM), this major actor of Islam in France has gone through several crises, beginning with its referencing as a “terrorist organization” by the United Arab Emirates in November 2014, along with 81 other groups or organizations, including Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State organization, the Somali Shebab or Boko Haram … The UOIF expressed its disappointment on this “insulting and ridiculous” qualification, which harms the Muslims of France.

A few months earlier, in February 2015, Averroès Muslim High School of Lille – connected to the UOIF – was criticized. In a column published in “Liberation”, a resigning philosophy professor denounced “a conception of Islam that is none other than Islamism”, as well as the students’ cultural anti-Semitism. The school director filed a complaint for defamation.

Finally, in the aftermath of Paris bombings, Prime Minister Manuel Valls appealed to “fight Muslim Brotherhood speech in our country”, which was seen as a reference to the UOIF in France.

Is the Organization a threat to the French Republic or is it working towards improving community life? Our reporters conducted their investigation in Paris, Lille and Nantes. They met with the president of the UOIF, Amar Lasfar, but also with former members who openly point to the Islamist drifts of the Organization.

By Alexandra RENARD, and Romeo LANGLOIS

This post is also available in Français .


Mogherini, d’Alema and European political Islam

30.03.2016 Valentina Colombo

On June 24-25, 2015, the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D) and the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), which is headed by former Italian Prime Minister Massimo d’Alemaorganized in Brussels the conference “Call to Europe V: Islam in Europe”.

The conference has been attended by some European actors linked with the ideological galaxy of the Muslim Brotherhood, notably the Belgian Michael Privot – who is director of the European Network Against Racism (ENAR), vice president of the Belgian movement EmBem and who in 2008 declared to a Belgian newspaper to be part of the new generation of the European Brotherhood – the German Mehmet Celebi, deputy head of the Zentralrat der Muslime in Deutschland (ZMD, Central Muslim Council of Germany) – that is the umbrella organization that includes most of the mosques, cultural and Islamic centers ideologically linked with the Brotherhood- , and Tarafa Baghajati, a key Austrian actor and chairman of the Austrian Muslim Initiative (AMI).

Federica Mogherini, High representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and vice president of the European Commission, presented the closing remarks on June 24 suggesting not only that “Islam holds a place in our Western societies. Islam belongs in Europe. It holds a place in Europe’s history, in our culture, in our food and – what matters most – in Europe’s present and future. Like it or not, this is the reality”, but she went further and declared that European policy include political Islam:

“I am not afraid to say that political Islam should be part of the picture. Religion plays a role in politics – not always for good, not always for bad. Religion can be part of the process. What makes the difference is whether the process is democratic or not. That is what matters to us, the key point.”

Mogherini thus mixed up Islam as a religion with political Islam, which is represented by any kind of Islamic ideology aiming at establishing an Islamic government. It is well known that the Muslim Brotherhood is one main expression of political Islam. Yusuf al-Qaradawi stated many times in his speeches and books that Islam is politics otherwise is not Islam.

Such discourse from a high ranked European official clearly marks a victory in the European MB agenda of political integration and infiltration. It is no secret that Tariq Ramadan has held training courses on Islam in Europe at the European External Action Service (EEAS), that the Socialists & Democrats – which co-organized the conference in Brussels – group at the European Parliament is one the main partners of FEMYSO, Ramadan’s European Muslim Network and ENAR.

Last December 2015, Massimo D’Alema and Tariq Ramadan took part to a debate about refugees at the Université Catholique in Louvain and apparently proposed different solutions to the emergency. However, on February 26, 2016 Le Soir published an article, signed by both D’Alema and Ramadan, which ends with the following remarks that remind Mogherini’s speech:

“We need a European Islam, an Islam of European citizens and not an Islam that consists of the sum of the communities under the influence of their country of origin”.

European Islam and European Muslims are Ramadan’s leit motiv that has been adopted by D’Alema and Mogherini. Last March, 24 Massimo D’Alema declared that “a significant part of the Muslim world in Europe is not integrated, which means that (Islamist) terrorism is surrounded by an area, if not of solidarity, of non-hostility. “I would like these people to feel they are full-blown European citizens,” he continued. “It would be preferable if they could build their mosques the same way churches are built, that is, with public funds. Italy has a 0.8% (tax program) for the Catholic church, but there are 1.5 million Muslims who are not recognized and with whom we don’t have an understanding”.

He concluded by saying that a European Islam “could be more open and modern than the fundamentalist kind that comes from some countries of origin,” which is definitely true if Islam is not confused with political Islam and political Islamists who have a precise agenda and are keeping a foot in both camps just like Tariq Ramadan who teaches both in Oxford and in Doha, who is President of the European Muslim Network in Brussels and member of the International Union of Muslim Scholars in Doha.

Valentin Colombo


Islamophobia and Gender at the European Parliament. An example of MB monopolisation.

29.02.2016 Valentina Colombo

MEP Soraya Post is hosting on March 2, 2016 a public hearing on Islamophobia and Gender that confirms the strong link between S&D group and the galaxy of the European Muslim Brotherhood at the European level. It is noteworthy that such a controversial issues such as islamophobia and gender seems, at least in the case of the above-mentioned event, to be almost monopolized by organisations and individuals linked to a single ideological area, namely political Islam, of the immense and variegated universe of Muslims living in Europe. S&D group has already hosted Tariq Ramadan and Malika Hamidi, respectively President and Director of the European Muslim Network based in Brussels, Islamic Relief Belgium, FEMYSO and other actors of European political Islam.

The co-organisers of the upcoming event are the European Forum of Muslim Women (EFOMW), the Forum of European and Muslim Youth Organisations (FEMYSO) and the European Network Against Racism (ENAR). Although they seem to be independent from one another, it will be shown that they have, both in the past and in the present, not only common goals and strategy, but they also belong to the same Islamic context and trend.

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EFOMW, founded in 2006, is the European umbrella organisation of women associations belonging to the Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe (FIOE), which is the main umbrella organisation of Muslim Brotherhood associations in Europe.

The official goal of FIOE is to broaden the cooperation and coordination of Muslim groups in Europe and to reinforce participation in societal dialogue, emphasizing that extra attention should be “granted to the affairs of youth, women, and the professional segments”. FIOE’s Shura Council, the consultative council chaired by Samir Falah – president of the Islamische Gemeinschaft in Deutschland – has encouraged Muslim participation in the European Parliament elections and has sought to take the lead on certain international political issues such as the situation in Ukraine, “escalating violations of the City of Jerusalem”, opposition to the Assad regime in Syria and Sisi’s government in Egypt, and Islamophobia in Europe.

The fight against Islamophobia and women are declared objectives of FIOE programme. In the Final Statement of the Fifth Shura Council Meeting in the Tenth Term of FIOE (Madrid, 22-25 October 2015) it was highlighted that it “also discussed developing a strategy specifically focused on supporting the values of human rights and equality, and in combating racism, hate, and Islamophobia”. On the other hand, the last paragraph of the Final Statement of the 3rd General Assembly Meeting in the 10th Executive Term of FIOE (Tunis, 21-24 January 2016) “called for greater effort in developing the presence of women and youth in the leadership bodies and councils of Islamic organisations in Europe, and to encourage them to raise their participation in all positive spheres”. Both documents confirm that the upcoming event at the European parliament perfectly fits into FIOE strategy about islamophobia and its tendency to point out women both as the most vulnerable and visible victims of hate against Islam and Muslims and as front-line actors in against Islamophobia.

It is worth pointing out the official link between FIOE and its members and the global Muslim Brotherhood. On July 6, 2009, that is still under Mubarak’s regime, Ibrahim Munir – present deputy Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood, was interviewed by the Egyptian daily Al-Masry al-Yom and clearly explained the role of the European umbrella organisation:

“Islamic activities [of the MB] in Europe are different, there is a completely independent structure which is called the Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe (FIOE). It is registered at the European Union; it has an office in Brussels and is known at the European level. On this basis, they cooperate. We must obey the laws of our countries and they must obey the laws of their countries. In all European countries, there are Islamic organizations that convey the thought of the Muslim Brotherhood and others that do not. All of these organizations are working for the benefit of their country and according to the laws of that country.”

FIOE is among other things behind the birth of the European Council for Fatwa and Research (ECFR) in Dublin, headed by the controversial preacher Yusuf Qaradawi. ECFR inaugural meeting took place, as stated in the introduction of its First collection of Fatwas, “in London, UK, on 21-22 Dhul Qi’da 1417AH, 29-30 March 1997. The meeting was attended by more than 15 scholars who responded to the invitation of the Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe.” It is thus clear that EFOMW vision of women in Europe follows the model presented both by FIOE and ECFR.

When it comes to women both Qaradawi and ECFR hold ambiguous positions. For instance, Qaradawi in his essay The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam explains the reason of the prohibition of marriage between a Muslim woman and a non-Muslim man as follows:

“A marriage between a man and woman of different faiths can be based only on the husband’s respect for his wife’s beliefs; otherwise a good relationship can never develop. Now, the Muslim believes that both Judaism and Christianity originated in divine revelation, although later distortions were introduced into them. He also believes that Allah revealed the Torah to Moses and the Evangel to Jesus, and that both Moses and Jesus – peace be on them – were among the messengers of Allah who were distinguished by their steadfast determination. Accordingly, the Christian or Jewish wife of a Muslim lives under the protection of a man who respects the basic tenets of her faith, her scripture, and her prophets, while in contrast to this the Jew or Christian recognizes neither the divine origin of Islam, its Book, or its Prophet (peace be on him). How then could a Muslim woman live with such a man, while her religion requires of her the observance of certain worships, duties, and obligations, as well as certain prohibitions? It would be impossible for the Muslim woman to retain her respect for her beliefs as well as to practice her religion properly if she were opposed in this regard by the master of the house at every step.”

This position is also confirmed by ECFR fatwa. Although ECFR issues fatawa for Muslims living as minority in Europe and is meant to adapt sharia to a new minoritarian context, ECFR views about women are definitely conservative. For instance, the need of segregation between men and women is confirmed by the following ECFR fatwa regarding the attendance of mixed ceremonies by women:

“Our opinion in this matter is that Islamic Shari’a did not object to men and women being present in one place on condition that three matters are avoided and refrained from:

First: Seclusion, i.e. where a man and woman meet in a position where no one else can see them.

Second: Adornment of women, i.e. where a woman uncovers what Allah (swt) decreed to be covered from her body, perfume or jewellery or walks in such a way which draws attention and raises ill-thoughts and feelings.

Third: Contact, i.e. skin contact.

If these three matters were avoided and refrained from then there remains no legal objection to the congregation, whether it is a marriage ceremony or any other. However, we see that people often do not abide by these conditions in weddings, and thus the presence of men and women in one place becomes unlawful.”

Similarly, in ordinary life ECFR advises a correct form of dialogue between men and women that finally relegates it to greetings and limited intercourse:

“There are many Hadiths which confirm the permissibility of men greeting women and women greeting men, as well as the lawfulness of men visiting sick women and vice versa.

However, this does not imply the lifting of all boundaries, so that women start speaking to all men who come and go or that men start speaking to all women, as this is rejected by logic and good taste before being rejected by Islam. It is permissible for a woman to speak to a male relative, a teacher, a neighbour, a supervisor at work, and others according to the requirements and needs of every day life and complex relations amongst people in our days, as long as trust is established, troubles (fitna) are in restraint and conditions are normal.”

During Session 24, which was held in Istanbul August 16-19, 2014, ECFR issued many fatwas that apparently aimed to appease the West and its standards. For instance Fatwa 24/3 about “the cure for recalcitrance of a woman toward her husband” explains that the Qur’anic verse referring to it as IV, 34 that is “Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has given the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in (the husband’s) absence what Allah would have them guard. As to those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and ill conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them; but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance): For Allah is Most High, great (above you all)”. The key expression is “beat them”.

ECFR states that Muslims have to follow the example of the Prophet who never hit his wives, however, in an interview with the London-based Guardian newspaper, Qaradawi said he accepts wife-beating “as a method of last resort – though only lightly.” He also said that female rape victims should be punished if dressed “immodestly” when assaulted.

ECFR Fatwa 24/4 about khul’ – that is the Islamic divorce at the instance of the wife, who must pay a compensation – is interesting because after stating that in Europe there is no such a divorce, it advises the woman to refer to “Islamic centers or sharia councils if existing, because this is not against the law since the International convention for human rights states that minorities have the right to practice their religion”. The fatwa thus implicitly allows double standards and allows Islamic centers to handle family issues.

ECFR went also so far as issuing a fatwa about the possibility for a woman to ride a bicycle:

“Riding a bicycle or car or any other form of transportation is permissible in itself. The Arab woman during the days of ignorance as well as Islam used to ride camels. The Prophet Mohammed (ppbuh) said: The best of women who rode camels are the women of Qureish; they are the most merciful with their children and the most considerate with their husbands’ wealth” .

However, a woman must abide by Islamic mannerisms when riding a bicycle, such as wearing appropriate Islamic dress and avoiding physical contact with men. As for the possibility of teenage girls losing their hymen; it is important to examine such possibility. If it remains a rare occurring, then Islam has decided that a rule cannot be based upon a rarity.

However, if it is likely that the girl will indeed lose her hymen if she rides a bicycle and no measures can prevent her from doing so, then the Muslim girl ought to be stopped from this, so that people do not think ill of her and that she is not accused of what she has not committed. However, if riding a bicycle is an actual need for the girl, for instance to get to her school or important work, etc., then it remains that necessities make prohibitions permissible. Allah (swt) stated:

“But if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (2:173)” (Fatwa 38)

It is interesting that both Qaradawi and ECFR stand for the veil as a duty for Muslim women, while there are many Islamic theologians saying that it is not a duty, but a free choice. Considering the veil an Islamic duty, any action and/or law against it can be targeted and labelled as islamophobic. This is why not only EFOMW, but also ENAR have been focusing on projects on both gender and islamophobia. Last, but not least it should be noted that Qaradawi also heads the International Union of Muslim Scholars, based in Doha, that on the eve of the 57th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women which was held between March 4th and 15th 2013 issued an official statement in which IUMS attacked the UN Convention for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) because it contradicted Islamic principles for the following reasons:

“1- Substituting qawwama (male caretaking or responsibility) with partnership and complete sharing of roles inside the family between the man and woman (spending, child care, household issues).

2- Complete equality in marriage laws (cancelling all forms of: polygamy, `idda, guardianship, dowry, a man’s spending commitment toward the family, allowing Muslim women to marry non-Muslims and so on).

3- Equality in inheritance.

4- Withdrawing the power to divorce, referring it to the judiciary, and a sharing of all possessions upon divorce.

5- Giving women the authority to file a complaint against her husband accusing him of rape or harassment. The concerned departments would be obliged to exact a penalty on the husband equal to the penalty specified for a person who commits rape or harassment against a woman of no relation to him.

6- Granting complete sexual freedom to girls in addition to the freedom to choose her sex, and the sex of her partner (i.e. to choose to have natural or homosexual relations) in addition to raising marriage age to 18.

7- Giving teenage girls access to contraceptives, training them to use it, and allowing abortion to dispose of an undesired pregnancy (under claims of sexual and reproductive rights).

8- Equating an adulteress with a wife, equating children from an adulterous relation with legal children completely in all rights.”

IUMS statement eventually clarified its vision of women. Most of IUMS members – such as Qaradawi, Rached al-Ghannouchi, Ali Qaradaghi – are also members of ECFR. It should thus be assumed that ECFR, which is the theological reference for FIOE and EFOMW, shares IUMS views about women. Although EFOMW and FIOE promote women’s activism – which is limited to an élite and a restricted group of leading figures – in society and politics, they consider ordinary women’s role as mainly complementary to men’s role in family and life.


EFOMW partners for the event at the European parliament are FEMYSO and ENAR.

FEMYSO is a transnational umbrella organization, connecting 33 Islamic youth and student organizations in 26 European countries, which can be considered the breeding ground of FIOE.

The first meeting of MB Muslim youth organisations across Europe took place in Sweden in 1995, when the Foreign Ministry of Sweden in co-operation with the Swedish Muslim Youth organization (Sveriges Unga Muslimer), organized an international conference on “Islam in Europe”. The participants expressed the need to establish better communications between the organizations and to undertake steps towards more fruitful and organized cooperation. Jeunes Musulmans de France, Young Muslims UK and Sveriges Unga Muslimer were given the responsibility to further develop this idea. In June 1996 FIOE invited the three organizations in Birmingham to facilitate this process along with the Islamic Foundation based in Leicester. During a successive meeting in the same year FEMYSO was established as a youth offshoot of FIOE, whose Youth & Students section is member of FEMYSO.

FEMYSO is headquartered in Brussels, where it is registered as an international NGO. It adopts a formal administrative structure and communications activities similar to that of other MB EUOs. The organization has tried to maintain its autonomy from the global MB; however, FEMYSO’s composition and ideology represent indelible marks indicating that it is an important component of the MB European network. By operating out of Brussels FEMYSO is well placed to foster contact with EU institutions, allowing it to position itself as the voice of young Muslims in Europe.

FEMYSO Executive Committee confirms the nepotism in its upper ranks, as sons and daughters of senior MB leaders hold its key roles. Many past and current Executive Committee members have remained in power for extended periods, sometimes only switching offices. For instance, FEMYSO former President Intissar Kherigi – Rached Ghannouchi’s daughter – is a former Vice President, just like Huda Himmat – Ali Ghalib Himmat’s daughter – who was replaced by her brother Youssef at the end of her term. Youssef Himmat is now FEMYSO President. At present Intissar Kherigi sits on the Board of Trustees both of FEMYSO and ENAR and acts more behind the scenes.

Founded in October 1998 by grassroots activists on a mission to achieve legal changes at the European level and make decisive progress towards racial equality in all European Union member states and based in Brussels, Belgium, the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) connects local and national anti-racism NGOs throughout Europe and acts as an interface between member organizations and the European institutions. ENAR is a result of the 1997 European Year Against Racism. Between March and September 1998, more than 600 NGOs were involved in national and European roundtable discussions regarding the viability of such a structure. The Constitutive Conference of ENAR brought together more than 200 representatives of these organizations to draw up a common program of action. According to its website, ENAR is the only pan-European anti-racism network that combines advocacy for racial equality and facilitating cooperation among civil society anti-racist actors in Europe.

ENAR states its “mission is to achieve full equality, solidarity and well-being for all in Europe” by fostering a collective voice in civil society and to influence decision-making in the EU. To this end, its main activity is to lobby the European Parliament on behalf of its member organizations, notably by calling on MEPs and political groups to establish a strong cooperative on anti-racism in the European Parliament, to advance a comprehensive anti-racist agenda and to jointly react to manifestations of racism and hate.

ENAR issues an annual Shadow Report on racism in Europe, which is a compilation of information and data collected by member organizations and produced to fill the gaps in the official and academic data while offering an NGO perspective on the realities of racism in the EU.

The Belgian convert Michael Privot, who started as networking and campaigns officer in January 2006, in March 2010 became ENAR director. Besides being an international expert on radicalization processes within Muslim communities, in 2008 the Belgian newspaper Le Soir published an article of his, entitled “Muslim Brotherhood: Time for Coming-Out”, where he declared his belonging the MB. Later he explained that he did not join the Egyptian Brotherhood, but he felt close to the way of understanding Islam of an Islamic organisation close to the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Policy officer is Julie Pascoet, who joined ENAR in April 2010 after working as communication and advocacy assistant for the NGO Islamic Relief Belgium and converting to Islam.

The presence in ENAR’s board of Intissar Kherigi has strengthened the relation and coordination with FEMYSO.


All the speakers of the public hearing on Islamophobia and Gender at the European Parliament belong to the above-mentioned network:

  • Raghad Al Tikriti represents the Muslim Association of Britain (MAB), which is member of FEMYSO and FIOE. Al Tikriti is the sister of Anas Al Tikriti, one of the key people of the MB network in the UK and president of the Cordoba Foundation;
  • Ilham Skah, presented as researcher on conditions of Muslim women in Norway, is an activist in the Islamiska Forbundet, which is member of FIOE;
  • Julie Pascoet is the responsible of the ENAR project Forgotten Women Project and ENAR policy officer;
  • Nora Rami is presented as an expert on the question of “laïcité” (The March 15th Freedom Committee). As a matter of fact, the March 15th Freedom Committee has been founded to defend the right of women to wear the veil and has been working very closely with the Union des Organisations Islamiques de France (UOIF), member of FIOE;
  • Fatima Doubakil, Swedish Muslim Human Rights Committee. She is very active in Swedish Islamic organisations close to and members of FIOE;
  • Yasser Louati represents the Collectif Contre l’Islamophobie en France (CCIF), which is a partner of FEMYSO in the IMAN Project about Islamophobia, funded by the Directorate of Justice of the European Commission;
  • Assia Oulkadi represents FEMYSO;
  • Lamia Elamri is President of European Forum of Muslim Women (EFOMW) and Vice Chair of the Board of Trustees of Islamic Relief Worldwide.

The above-mentioned list of speakers totally belongs to the same area of influence and to the same ideological background. The event organised at the European Parliament will consequently deal with the issue of Islamophobia and Gender only from one point of view without any questioning and true debate and will empower and strengthen the idea that organised/political Islam is the main representative of Muslims in Europe.

The event thus confirms the monopoly of Muslim Brotherhood linked organisations not only within the S&D group, but also within European institutions. On June 24-25, 2015 S&D group and the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), which is headed by former Italian Prime Minister Massimo D’Alema, co-organised a conference in Brussels entitled “Call to Europe V: Islam in Europe”. The conference was attended by some European actors of the ideological galaxy of the MB, notably the Belgian Michael Privot, German Mehmet Celebi, deputy head of the Zentralrat der Muslime in Deutschland (Central Muslim Council of Germany), and Tarafa Baghajati, chairman of the Austrian Muslim Initiative (AMI).

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and vice president of the European Commission, presented the closing remark suggesting European policy should include not only Islam, but also political Islam:

“I am not afraid to say that political Islam should be part of the picture. Religion plays a role in politics – not always for good, not always for bad. Religion can be part of the process. What makes the difference is whether the process is democratic or not. That is what matters to us, the key point.”

The 2nd March public hearing finally highlights the trend of confusing Islam and political Islam at the European level, of turning the latter in the only representative of Islam and Muslims in Europe which is unfortunately very far from the reality on the ground and discriminating towards the variegated majority of Muslims who live their religion in an apolitical way and do not recognise themselves in the above-mentioned organisations.

Valentina Colombo


Alkhayria Belgica

15.01.2016 La rédaction

Alkhayria Belgica is an NGO which aspires to contribute to the teaching of Islam in Belgium. They give courses of elimination of illiteracy and organize school outputs. Seminars are also organized to initiate the parents with the Islamic debates. Few lecturers are external with the ideology of the Muslim brothers.

Among the speakers:

  • Tareq Oubrou: “Islamic theology at the era of secularization: Is it necessary to reform theology in Islam?”
  • Mohamed Bajrafil: “To point out the past of people”
  • Yahya Michot: “Ibn Taymiyya and the Salafism”
  • Hassan Iquioussen : “Relations Man-Woman”• Tahar Mahdi of the European Council of the Fatwa (formation)
  • Zakaria Seddiqui of the World council of the Moslem Scientists
  • Or Michael Privot, Adnan Ibrahim, Hani Ramadan, Ahmed Jaballah.

In March 2015, in his investigation into Muslim Brotherhood in Belgium, Marie-Cécile Royen includes Alkhayria in the satellite organizations of the Brotherhood. Following this investigation, Marie-Cécile Royen undergoes many intimidations. Ali Oubila, president of CA of Alkhayria requires a right of reply:

“Our ASBL neither is attached or subordinated to the Muslim brothers nor to other organizations whatever they are. This, obviously, prevented us not, within the framework of our activities, to collaborate with intellectual actors of different backgrounds.”

Post scriptum :

On March 21st, 2016, between the arrest of Salah Abdeslam and the attacks of Brussels, Ali Oubila president of Alkhayria Belgica sent a mail to us :

“Nearly 90% of our speaker are not Muslim brothers!

Moreover you published our photographs without our knowledge!

We ask you to withdraw all that you published on us.”

In the paper we had indicated that “few” lecturers were not close to the Brotherhood. We maintain this information, even if the term “few” implies more than one person.

In addition the images will not be withdrawn, they belong to the propaganda of the group and are public.

We had stressed that Marie-Cécile Royen had undergone intimidations following his investigation. We will not yield to the threats and will continue our investigation on this organization and its participants. And will return it public.

This post is also available in العربية and Français .


Tariq Ramadan the Salafist Playboy

12.01.2016 Fiammetta Venner

In an article of Marianne, Martine Gozlan draws up a portrait without concession of the preacher Tariq Ramadan.
Several web surfers in favour of the preacher made fun of the “Salafist” title asserting that a Brothercould not be Salafist.
Actually, the Muslim brothers assert Salafist reformists in opposition to the non political Salafists, the Wahhabi and the Jihadists.
Tariq Ramadan himself asserted himself Salafist, as recalled by Caroline Fourest in his book Frère Tariq.
Interviewed by Beur FM in November 2003, he clearly admits belonging to Salafist reformism:

“There are the rationalist trend reformist and the trend salafi with the direction where the salafi tries to remain faithful to the bases. I am of this tendency there, it be-have-to say that there are a certain number of principles which are for mefundamental, that I do not want to betray as a Muslim” [1].

A few months after this maintenance,as to accustomed, it will reconsider its remarks at the time of a conference of UNESCO.
[1] Quoted by Martine Nouaille, “Tariq Ramadan,influential and discussed personality”, AFP November 15th, 2003.

This post is also available in Français .


Al Adl Wal Ihsane and its networks in France

19.12.2015 La rédaction

In France the principal Moroccan Islamist movement, Al Adl Wal Ihsane (Justice and Spirituality) remains fairly marginal. For some time now Nadia Yassine, the movement’s spokesperson, has held a certain attraction for French journalists charmed by the exoticism of an “Islamic feminism”. At present the organization’s main practice is entryism. They also have new spokespeople, particularly within associations such as Participation et Spiritualité Musulmanes (Muslim Participation and Spirituality) (PSM).

As part of its marketing strategy the principal Moroccan Islamist movement Al Adl Wal Ihsane (AWI) seldom appears in France under its real name. Discrete and seemingly hardly represented, AWI is almost unknown in France. In “Islam of France” the lion’s share goes to the Muslim Brotherhood: UOIF, Présence musulmane (Muslim Presence), CMF (1), EMF (2), CCIF (3)… So for AWI the question is how to secure a place inside the enormous Muslim Brotherhood machine, and the countless Salafist, Tabigh and Ahbache groups which are also highly organized…?

And yet the Adlists are definitely there, inside the FNMF (4) for instance, the Moroccan Federation of the CFCM (French Council of the Muslim Faith), at one time infiltrated by the Makhzen (5). This is a result of Morocco’s shameless interference in Islam of France to counter the influence of the UOIF (6), of Algeria, as well as or even as much as the influence of its Islamist fellow Morrocaans of the Justice and Spirituality movement. So Morocco propelled leaders to the head of FNMF, Mohamed Béchari (who ended up in court, but was eventually discharged), and then in 2008 founded the Rassemblement des Musulmans de France (RMF, Assembly of Muslims of France), at that time very close to the Moroccan Ministry for Habous and Islamic Affairs. Morocco also poached former members and leading imams of the UOIF, bribed the RMF for a while, and then finally in September 2013 launched a new association, the Union des mosquées de France (UMF, Union of Mosques of France) provoking new battles between mosques…

Fair enough as the Adlists in turn practise entryism! There appears to be a certain number of them in the FNMF, to the extent that at one particular forum activists began wondering if their association, the PSM Présence musulmane (Muslim Presence), close to the Adlist movement, is not a branch of the FNMF. Other less informed activists are surprised by the overrepresentation of Moroccans within the association.

So for the past twelve years within the CFCM, which is as much a constitutional aberration (law of 1905) as a religious one (there is no clergy in Islam), a war of embassies has been going on, in particular between the Sharifian kingdom and Algeria (RMF, FNMF on one side and the Mosquée de Paris – Paris Mosque – on the other), as well as internal and fratricidal wars. And the victims are the Muslims of France! Only the intelligence services revel in the information hurled against each other, between and even within the various federations.

PSM and its deadly “spirituality” 

Although the association PSM- Participation et Spiritualité Musulmanes – (Muslim Participation and Spirituality) was only mentioned in 2007 in the Journal Officiel (Official Journal), the name had already emerged in France in the early 2000s. Only rarely did the name of the Moroccan movement Al Adl Wal Ihsane appear in reference to the PSM. There was not a single mention of it in the “Who are we” on the PSM website. On the other hand the personality of Abdessalam Yassine is omnipresent in the association: photo, texts, videos… The PSM pays tribute to the Sheikh in their various sections: Paris, Mulhouse.. and regularly invites its militants to rediscover the life and teachings of their guide. The most recent PSM-IDF General Assembly, in October 2015, began with readings from the Kuran and a video presentation of Abdessalam Yassine, who has become a permanent cult figure. The PSM is clearly the “branch” of the Moroccan Islamist movement. Today the PSM is present in the following regions of France: Languedoc-Roussillon, Paca, Centre, Est, Ile-de-France, Nord and Rhône-Alpes.

Although members of the association regularly intervene in public debate, they are seldom referred to as belonging to the PSM. Yet the association has been mentioned in various news items, such as the arrest in Lunel of a jihadist recruiter for Syria and Iraq. Jawad Salih, Al Adl Ihsane’s local recruiter, gave classes every Friday organized by the PSM. He actively advocates a caliphate and rejects violence. Yet more than 20 of his young students have left France for Syria and Iraq. Seven were killed and five were arrested by the RAID at the end of January 2015. The movement’s position on violence, which it professes to reject, remains ambiguous. In Morocco two political assassinations have been attributed to Al Adl Wal Ihsane (7). In France the “spirituality” dispensed by the PSM not only contributes to the radicalization of the young, it kills.

Ismahane Chouder following in the footsteps of Nadia Yassine

The pro Islamic veil activist Ismahane Chouder, member of the PSM, is certainly one of the movement’s most active spokespersons. A former follower of Buddhism and of various Sufi orders, she discovered Sheikh Yassine’s movement in 2000. It was love at first sight and her passion is still going strong: “I am inspired more and more each day by this spiritual guide” she said. Nothing is too much for Ismahane Chouder in her efforts to serve her master. She multiplies interviews… and wears many hats: co-president of the CFPE (Collectif Féministes Pour l’Égalité, the Feminist Collective for Equality), general secretary of the Commission Islam et Laïcité (Commission on Islam and Secularism), member of the Une école pour tou-te-s (A school for all collective), founding member of MTE (Mamans Toutes Égales – All mothers are equal). A tactic similar to entryism which enables her to intervene on a variety of issues: feminism, schools, secularism, the Islamic veil, racism, problems in suburbs.. She is also chief editor of the PSM website.

In 2006 Morocco managed to prevent Nadia Yassine attending a UNESCO conference in Paris on Muslim feminism. But Ismahane Chouder, who has ties with the same movement as Nadia Yassine, arrived wearing the PSM label and was allowed through. Intervening under different labels and different names has its advantages….

In March 2015 at the Bourse du Travail (Trade Unions Centre) of Saint-Denis Ismahane Chouder represented the PSM at a conference “against Islamophobia and the security war climate”, alongside the French Communist Party, the Nouveau parti anticapitaliste (NPA), the Muslim Brotherhood (from the UOIF to Présence Musulmane)… However the conference didn’t go down well with left wing groups. The Parti de Gauche didn’t take part, nor EELV (Europe Ecology – The Greens) which was more divided over the issue but in the end withdrew. Ismahane Chouder is a regular speaker at debates with post-colonial racialist groups: Les Indigènes de la République (the indigenous peoples of the Republic), Rokhaya Diallo’s Indivisibles, Pierre Tévanian and Malika Latrèche (with whom she co-published Les Filles voilées parlent – The veiled girls have their say), as well as with Emmanuel Todd in St Denis on 26 June 2015 and all the other “anti Charlies”.

Hand in hand with Alliance Vita

Ismahane Chouder has even joined up with the Catholic fundamentalist association Alliance Vita which in fact has much in common with her association: abortion, gender, euthanasia, embryo research… Both groups are in perfect harmony on all these issues! So much so that PSM took part in Alliance Vita’s summer university (8) from 30 August to 1 September 2013 in Ecully, near Lyon. During a general assembly PSM presented their educational project, their organization and the “point of view of Muslims on the subject of defence of life”, but in reality it was the point of view of CERTAIN Muslims that the association claimed to represent. Both sides were delighted with the meeting. Tugdual Derville, co-founder of Alliance Vita, even qualified it as “historic”. That year PSM again joined up with the fundamentalist association at the homophobic demonstrations denouncing the “dangers of marriage for all”.

Few prominent members of the association appear in public. Even Ahmed Rahmani, founding member of PSM and very active on the European level, keeps a low profile in France. Probably because the association realises it is in their interest to put forward a woman who speaks perfect French.

Ismahane Chouder is following in the footsteps of Nadia Yassine, with less brio perhaps. But as she wears more than one hat she is often in the spotlight. Besides, she is well aware that promoting her caliphate project is not the best way of putting her message across in France. So, just like Yassine, she speaks the language of modernity, denouncing injustice, discrimination.. She is also much more aggressive on secularism, which has won her the support of the entire multiculturalist and identitarian left, which holds only contempt for secularism and universalism. In June 2015 she addressed a meeting on “Is secularism in danger?” at Science-Po Paris. A rather strange choice: secularists calling advocates of an Islamic republic to the rescue?

In October 2015 she was a spokesperson for the Marche de la Dignité (Demonstration for Dignity), supported by all the racialist, post-colonial identitarians, from the Parti des Indigènes de la République to the Afro feminists of Mwasi. One of the slogans was: the race struggle! PSM actively took up the call for this demonstration. Ismahane Chouder was one of the four speakers at the press conference of the “anti-racist” March, alongside Amal Bentousi, Françoise Vergès and Fania Noël. Like Chouder, Fania Noël defends identitarian feminism. Convinced that “any association integrated in the system is incompetent” she says she has broken away from “the laundry” (i.e. white people). “Non-mixity is the only hope for racialized people”, she declared in a video on Mrs Roots’ blog. There was not a single comment in the press about the Islamist Ismahane Chouder. They consider her simply as an anti-racist feminist, a victim of an “anti Islamic veil war waged by secularists”. In fact, the media coverage of the march revealed a disturbing blindness to the facts on the part of a considerable section of the press regarding these religious and identitarian groups. And only a rare few in the media questioned the absence of the principal established anti-racist associations.

Solidarity of the Brotherhood network

Oumma, Saphir News… in the main, the Muslim Brotherhood inspired or related websites support the Adlist proselytism. In fact the movement is linked to several of these websites. It has succeeded in establishing links with the Islamist worldwide network. Forced into clandestinity during long periods, the organization soon learned how to make use of new technologies, exchanges over the web, videoconferencing sermons… Since 2003 Oumma has been posting PSM’s communiqués, in particular the texts of Abdessalam Yassine, indulgent interviews with Nadia Yassine and Ismahane Chouder, an article on the repression of the AWI movement in Morocco, a tribute to Sheikh Yassine “an eminent man among Muslim scholars”, “a huge intellectual figure”… The choice of words on the Islamist websites when referring to the movement is rather flattering. In fact when Sheikh Abdessalam Yassine died the obituaries were blatantly euphoric. Not to be outdone, Tariq Ramadan posted on his site an account of his last visit to the Sheikh: “He remained loyal to his vision, to his principles, his positions and his hopes. He commanded respect and radiated kindness, sitting modestly, thoughtful and smiling. I shall never forget him, may he rest in peace, profoundly”. The Islamist preacher praised the Sheikh’s calls for “a reform of the country”, “the rejection of the colonization of our minds”, “issues which are as important today as ever”. Carried away by his lyrical outburst Ramadan even posted on his website a translation of the name of the movement Al Adl Wal Ihsane as “Justice and Excellence”.

In addition, Tariq Ramadan and PSM are in the habit of returning courtesies. For example on its Facebook page as well on its national and regional websites, PSM regularly posts quotes and texts by Tariq Ramadan, for instance (as in the following article) explaining the necessity to say “we or us”: “We can only become “us” or “we”, as a community or a society, when we have determined a common and collective project”. It is clear from this that the Adlist association considers it shares a “common and collective project” with this preacher. In November 2015 the spokesman for the CCIF (Collective against Islamophobia), Marwan Muhammad, made a short list of a dozen or so people he would like to see most often in the media, among them Ismahane Chouder, Nabil Ennasri and Imam Chakil Omarjee.

Journalists, researchers…

Each visit to France of the Islamist passionaria Nadia Yassine has provided the press with an opportunity to present her ideas. The tone of the interviews is friendly and the questions are inoffensive. The complacency of the press towards the movement is even more astonishing on the part of more informed journalists or researchers specializing on Morocco.

When Mohammed VI came to the throne the press began to show an interest in the movement, and in September 2000 the journalist Jean-Pierre Tuquoi organized a meetring between the daily newspaper Le Monde readers and Nadia Yassine, where he presented Al Ald Wal Ihsane as a “charity group”.

In 2002, however, he already seemed much less categorical. Questioned by El Mundo on the use of violence inside the movement he replied “in reality, we don’t really know what they want”.

In his 2011 book Renaissances arabes (Arab renaissances), co-written with Michaël Béchir Ayari, Vincent Geisser, (IREMAM) took offense at Al Adl Wal Ihsane being referred to as “radical Islam”. According to this researcher, who acted as moderator in May 2015 at a conference hosting Omar Icherchane of Al Adl Wal Ihsane (“The left – Islamists: why such hatred?”), both PJD and AWI “can be considered part of the reformist and conservative Islamic galaxy, having renounced many years ago the use of violence and clandestine action”.

Nicolas Beau discovered the AWI movement during his investigations for the book “Quand le Maroc sera islamiste” (When Morocco becomes Islamist), published in 2006 with Catherine Graciet. He also seems to have discovered the Islamist practices of infiltrating social and associative networks. In a video interview on Oumma.com he expressed his surprise at the “capacity of the members of Justice et Bienveillance (Justice and Spirituality) and Nadia Yassine to monopolize the practical and social activities in the neighbourhoods, the activities which touch people’s lives most closely”, far from the stereotypes, he said, that people imagine (that he imagines?) about Islamism. He took offense at the idea of a necessarily anti democratic Islamism, given that “there is a culture, if not of democracy but at least of majority consent, for instance among the political circles the movement has created there is a process for electing the leaders. (…) There are senior officials who reflect on how to adapt their theories on the consent of the Oumma, on the caliphate which they still proclaim as their ultimate goal… They try to see how these values could be integrated into more classic democratic processes, as they can be perceived here in France”.

Yet Sheikh Yassine never ceased to explain how democracy “disrupts the Islamic absolute”, how “relativism” which is inherent to democracy “destroys religion”. The founder of the movement is not far from qualifying democracy as the very enemy of Islam. “Shura is the name of our ‘democracy’” he wrote in “Islamizing modernity”. For the Sheikh it is a matter of “putting Divine Law into practice and which men are forbidden to change”. Even if it were chosen by the majority, can the incontestable application of the Sharia in the Sheikh’s dream world be in any way related to the concept of democracy? The journalist would like to think so. However, this movement described as “extremely rich” by Nicolas Beau has never made a secret in its texts of its hatred for democracy. We have to assume that certain Islamist movements have such power of fascination that their interviewers lose their capacity to judge.

In France, like everywhere else

In France like elsewhere in Europe, the USA, and Canada the Adlists use the same methods of persuasion towards the media, at the same time infiltrating the principal Islamic organizations. Here in France and in Spain they have been hugely successful in gaining footholds in the National Federation of Muslims of France (for instance in the region of Murcie where 50 000 Moroccans are considered to have already fallen for the Sheikh’s siren   calls). The Adlists approach students and mosques under different names, but always as a peaceful “school of thought”: in France as PSM; in Italy as CSM (Citoyenneté et spiritualité musulmane – Muslim Citizenship and Spirituality); in Belgium as Fraternité, or in Spain as ONDA (National Organization for Dialogue and Participation). To cover their tracks they even adopt names, such as in Canada, which have nothing to do with their religious movement, for instance the Canadian Observatory of Human Rights!. Outside Morocco it is probably in Spain that the movement is most firmly established. Mounir Benjelloun, who is close to the movement, is at the head of the FEERI (a federation comprising nearly 1000 mosques in Spain). Since November 2012, thanks to the indulgence of the Ministry of the Interior, he has been at the head of the highest Muslim authority in Spain: the Comisión Islámica de España (CIE, equivalent in France of the CFCM – French Council for the Muslim Faith).

For the Jamâa, their objectives are: reinforce their presence everywhere, attract international supporters, recruit, collect funds and be ready in the event of confrontation with the State of Morocco. Not only is the Al Adl Wal Ihsane the principal organized political force in Morocco, it has also weaved its way into all countries where there is a strong Moroccan community. Over the past ten years they have built up devoted relays in France.

Yann Barte

(1) Collectif des Musulmans de France (CMF, Muslim Collective of France) directed by Nabil Ennasri

(2) Étudiants Musulmans de France (EMF, Muslim Students of France), French student association founded in 1989 (ex Union islamique des étudiants de France – Union of Islamic Students of France)

(3) Collectif contre l’islamophobie en France (CCIF – Collective against Islamophobia in France), French association founded in 2003. Close to the Muslim Brotherhood, the CCIF, via their spokesman Marwan Muhammad, also takes part in conferences on “Islamophobia” with Salafist imams. Nader Abou Anas or Rachid Abou Houdeyfa are also the star guests at CCIF dinners. However, the CCIF does not present itself as Salafist, Tablighi or Ikhwan, “just Muslim”. Fédération nationale des musulmans de France (FNMF, National Muslim Federation of France)
(5) Popular expression for the Royal power in Morocco and its institutions (justice, administration, armies, police…). Formerly, the government of the Sultan.

(6) Union des Organisations Islamiques de France (Union of Islamic Organizations of France)
(7) Followers of Abdessalam Yassine were involved in the assassination of two far-left students and activists of the UNEM (Union Nationale des Étudiants du Maroc) – National Student Union of Morocco: Maâti Boumli  in November 1991 in Oujda and Mohamed Aït Ljid Benaïssa in March 1993 in Fès.
(8) Originally “Alliance pour les droits de la vie” (Alliance for Human Life) founded by Christine Boutin.