PARTY OF JUSTICE AND DEVELOPMENT (MOROCCO)

Party of Justice and development (Morocco)

05.12.2015 La rédaction

Justice and development party exists since 1998, but its structure exist under another name since the middle of the 1960s.

The ancestor of the justice and Development Party was created before 1967 by Abdelkrim El Khatib: the constitutional democratic popular movement. For a long time its activities are not known, but the party wants to be the respectable showcase of the movement unity and reform, a conglomerate of individuals having more or less abandoned the armed struggle of Chabiba Islamiya.

Abdelkrim El Khatib, founder of the group is Muslim brother and made many references to Hassan Al Banna, but he is also close to the Palace. Its members are not bothered by the police.

Yet, as recalls Mohamed Louizi, in the aftermath of his death in 2008, the office of the supreme guidance of the Brotherhood in Egypt rushed one tribute. The supreme leader of the time, Mohamed Mahdi Akef, lamented the death of the founder of the branch of the ‘brothers’ in the Kingdom.

The Party was born in reality of the constitutional democratic popular movement activists protest.

In the legislative elections of 1997, the constitutional democratic popular movement won nine seats. Protesting against electoral fraud, the activists of the movement refuse to participate in the Government and change of name. This was the birth of ‘Party of justice and development”which peaked with at the outset as an opposition party. The PJD is as follows: “national political party which works from the Islamic reference, under the constitutional monarchy established on the commandery of believers.

The change of title does not decrease ideological links with the Egyptian mother house.Bazzi El Ouggouti co-founder of the MPCD in 1967, is very clear with the new members.

“Dear brothers, you are the heirs of the Salafist movement, which was born of the nationalist movement that had founded the fouqahas (Muslim jurists) in all regions of Morocco […]. What was hoped for behind the battle of the liberation of the country, it was the establishment of an Islamic State. Nevertheless, the seed which the colonizer had left behind him – speaking perhaps the left forces – had prevented this construction. Today,we have a new opportunity before us to try again, again, the realization of this dream,through the political commitment of many sons of the Islamic revival movement, you are. You are now inside the political ring. A team of you succeeded in getting a place inParliament. Responsibility is extended to you, I wish you success in what you do”

The Justice and Development Party becomes the first opposition party in the legislative elections of 2002. (42 seats).
In the speech of the party as Mohamed Yatim and Saadeddine El Othmani intellectualsbegan to emerge the fact that the Islamic State is not necessarily the goal of political action.
In the 2007 elections, the party came in second place with 46 seats.
April 28, 2011 in Marrakesh attack highlights the existence of terrorist cells organized in the territory. In the media, the activists of the Party of justice and development appear as balanced. Since the 2003 bombings, the party has rounded off its speech sought to gain respectability.

In November 2011, the Justice and Development Party wins the parliamentary elections. He obtained in addition to 11 portfolios on 31.

Abdel-Ilah Benkiran, head of the Government.
Saadeddine El Othmani, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
El Mostafa Radhika, Minister of Justice and freedom.
Lahcen Daoudi, Minister of education superior, scientific research and the training of managers.
Abdelaziz Rabbah, Minister of equipment and Transport.
Mustapha El Khalfi, Communication Minister and Government spokesman.
Abdelkader Amara, Minister of industry, trade and new technologies.
Bassima Hakkaoui, Minister of solidarity, women, the family and social development.
El Habib Choubani, Minister in charge of Relations with Parliament and civil society.
Mohamed Najib Boulif, Minister delegate to the head of the Government, in charge of General Affairs and governance.
Idriss Azami Al Idrissi, Minister delegate to the head of the Government, in charge of the Budget.

October 10, 2013, the Benkiran II Government is appointed following the departure of the Istiqlal Party of the Coalition.
Most of the PJD Ministers remain, except Saadeddine El Othmani, Minister for ForeignAffairs.
Since the ouster of Mohamed Morsi in Egypt, the party activists insist that they are moreMoroccan than Muslim Brotherhood in order to avoid being mistaken for members of theorganization. At a meeting, on 15 November with members of the youth of the PJD, thePrime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane insists that the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhoodevening rejected and “to establish a barrier between the methodology of the Muslim Brotherhood and the PJD and the oneness Movement and reform (MUR). (TelQuel , November 17, 2015 *)

See in particular:

Mohamed Louizi, “Pourquoi j’ai quitté les Frères musulmans, Michalon.” (à paraître en janvier 2016)This post is also available in العربية and Français

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